(1986). "Organization of Biological Systems - Some Principles and Models." <i>International Review of Cytology</i> 103, 1-88.
"Organization of Biological Systems - Some Principles and Models." International Review of Cytology 103, 1-88.
Narendra S. Goel and Richard L. Thompson, Department of Systems Science, State University of New York, Binghamton, NY 13901 and La Jolla Institute, La Jolla, California 92038
Goel, NARENDRA S., and Richard L. Thompson. "Organization of Biological Systems—Some Principles and Models." International Review of Cytology 103 (1986): 1-88.
... Over the last two centuries a significant amount of diverse scientific intellect has been devoted to understanding self-organization. But the progress has been painstakingly slow compared to our progress in understanding the self-organization of nonliving systems such as molecules (in a chemical reaction) and crystals (as they grow in solution). This is because the living systems are inherently more complex, and involve more precision and greater efficiency, than the nonliving systems. In spite of these basic differences between living and nonliving systems, some progress, though quite miniscule, has been made toward delineating some of the principles and rules which living systems might be using in their self-organization. In this article we hope to provide a sampling of this progress. ...